The treatment of vitiligo aims to restore the color to the depigmented areas of the skin. The choice of treatment depends on various factors, including the extent and location of the vitiligo patches, the patient’s age, and their preferences. Here are some common treatment options for vitiligo:
- Topical Corticosteroids: These creams or ointments are commonly prescribed to help pigment the skin. They work by reducing inflammation and suppressing the immune response. The side effects of these medicines may dissuade patients from using them.
- Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors: Medications like tacrolimus or pimecrolimus may be prescribed to modulate the immune system and promote repigmentation. However, their effectiveness is pretty low.
- Topical Psoralen Plus Ultraviolet A (PUVA) Therapy: Psoralen is a photosensitizing medication that is applied topically or taken orally before exposure to UVA light. Careful application should be done by a professional in order to avoid burns.
- Narrowband Ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) Therapy: This treatment involves exposure to UVB light of a specific wavelength. It is commonly performed in specialized clinics and may require multiple sessions over several months. When done correctly, this treatment has shown satisfactory results.
- Excimer Laser: This targeted laser treatment delivers UVB light to specific areas of vitiligo patches to stimulate repigmentation. This treatment can be done if the white patch is localized and there is no new spread of the white patches.
- Depigmentation: In cases where vitiligo affects a large area of the body, depigmentation can be an option. It involves using topical creams to lighten the remaining pigmented skin to match the depigmented areas.
- Surgical Options: Surgical interventions like autologous skin grafts, blister grafting, or melanocyte transplantation can be considered for stable, localized vitiligo patches.
- Drcheena® homeopathic treatment is a highly curated treatment that is very effective and can provide a complete cure for Vitiligo when taken in the initial stages of the disease itself.
It’s important to consult with a dermatologist or healthcare professional who can assess your case and recommend the most suitable treatment options for you. They will consider factors such as the extent of vitiligo, your overall health, and your preferences before determining the appropriate course of treatment.